Acute respiratory distress in an alpaca.

TitleAcute respiratory distress in an alpaca.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsUzal FA, Mukai M, Woods L, Poppenga R, Valentine BA, Smith J
JournalVeterinary pathology
Volume49
Issue6
Pagination1070-3
Date Published2012 Nov
ISSN1544-2217
Abstract

An alpaca was presented with a history of respiratory difficulty and death. Histology of the phrenic nerves and diaphragm revealed degenerative changes consistent with denervation atrophy, and a diagnosis of diaphragmatic paralysis was established. No gross or histological abnormalities were observed in the spinal cord or other organs. The etiology of the phrenic nerve neuropathy could not be determined. The need to examine phrenic nerves and diaphragm in camelids with respiratory distress is emphasized, as failure to examine these samples will preclude a diagnosis of diaphragmatic paralysis.

DOI10.1177/0300985812447825
Alternate JournalVet. Pathol.