Antimicrobial resistance.

TitleAntimicrobial resistance.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsClarke CR
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Pagination987-1001, vi
Date Published2006 Sep
KeywordsAnimals, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bacteria, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Veterinary Drugs

Development of antimicrobial resistance is an inevitable consequence of exposure of microorganisms to antimicrobial agents. Although emergence of resistance cannot be prevented, it can be retarded by minimizing use of antimicrobial agents and avoiding selection of relatively resistant pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains caused by exposure to tissue concentrations that confer a competitive advantage. Most attention in veterinary medicine has focused on the emergence of resistance in food-borne pathogens, with relatively little attention being devoted to small companion animals, despite the frequent use of antimicrobial agents in these animals, evidence that resistance is emerging, and potential for transfer of resistance between companion animals and people. To retard further emergence of resistance in small companion animals, it is imperative that surveillance programs be instituted to monitor development of resistance.

Alternate JournalVet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract.