Assessment of locus and extent of neurotoxic lesions in monkeys using neuroimaging techniques: a replication.

TitleAssessment of locus and extent of neurotoxic lesions in monkeys using neuroimaging techniques: a replication.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsNemanic S, Alvarado MC, Price RE, Jackson EF, Bachevalier J
JournalJournal of neuroscience methods
Date Published2002 Dec 15
KeywordsAnimals, Brain, Cell Death, Female, Hippocampus, Ibotenic Acid, Macaca mulatta, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nerve Fibers, Neurotoxins, Reproducibility of Results, Silver Staining

In a recent study, [Hippocampus 11 (2001) 361] demonstrated that in vivo neuroimaging techniques could be used to accurately quantify the extent of neuronal damage after ibotenic acid injections in non-human primates. The present study was undertaken to replicate these findings and to further estimate whether the concentration of ibotenic acid used (10-15 mg/ml) to produce the neuronal loss did not affect the fibers coursing within or around the targeted brain area. Magnetic resonance (MR) images (T1-weighted and FLAIR) were acquired in three monkeys before and after they received neurotoxic lesions of the hippocampal formation. The postsurgical FLAIR images were taken 7-10 days after surgery to visualize the hyperintense signals produced by increased edema at the injection sites. One year post-surgically, T1-weighted images were acquired and compared with T1-weighted images obtained pre-surgery to estimate reduction in hippocampal volume resulting from neuronal loss. Estimated neuronal loss was then compared with actual cell loss found during histological evaluation of brain tissue. Both neuroimaging techniques accurately estimated the extent of hippocampal damage and damage to surrounding structures. In addition, the concentration of ibotenic acid (10 mg/ml) used in the present study did not appear to have significantly damaged or de-myelinated fibers coursing through or around the hippocampal formation. Together with the previous results of [Hippocampus 11 (2001) 361], the present data strongly demonstrate that in vivo neuroimaging techniques provide powerful tools to estimate reliably and rapidly the extent and localization of brain lesions in non-human primates.

Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci. Methods