Development of a quantitative real-time PCR assay for detection of Vibrio tubiashii targeting the metalloprotease gene.

TitleDevelopment of a quantitative real-time PCR assay for detection of Vibrio tubiashii targeting the metalloprotease gene.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsGharaibeh DN, Hasegawa H, Häse CC
JournalJournal of microbiological methods
Volume76
Issue3
Pagination262-8
Date Published2009 Mar
ISSN0167-7012
KeywordsAnimals, Base Sequence, Colony Count, Microbial, Crassostrea, DNA Primers, DNA, Bacterial, Genes, Bacterial, Metalloproteases, Molecular Sequence Data, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Seawater, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Vibrio
Abstract

Vibrio tubiashii has recently re-emerged as a pathogen of bivalve larvae, causing a marked increase in the mortality of these species within shellfish rearing facilities. This has resulted in substantial losses of seed production and thus created the need for specific as well as sensitive detection methods for this pathogen. In this project, quantitative PCR (qPCR) primers were developed and optimized based upon analysis of the V. tubiashii vtpA gene sequence, encoding a metalloprotease known to cause larval mortality. Standard curves were developed utilizing dilutions of known quantities of V. tubiashii cells that were compared to colony forming unit (CFU) plate counts. The assay was optimized for detection of vtpA with both lab-grown V. tubiashii samples and filter-captured environmental seawater samples seeded with V. tubiashii. In addition, the primers were confirmed to specifically detect only V. tubiashii when tested against a variety of non-target Vibrio species. Validation of the assay was completed by analyzing samples obtained from a shellfish hatchery. The development of this rapid and sensitive assay for quantitative detection of V. tubiashii will accurately determine levels of this bacterium in a variety of seawater samples, providing a useful tool for oyster hatcheries and a method to assess the presence of this bacterium in the current turbulent ocean environment.

DOI10.1111/j.1365-3164.2011.00980.x
Alternate JournalJ. Microbiol. Methods