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Diagnosis and treatment of gastric motility disorders.
|Title||Diagnosis and treatment of gastric motility disorders.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Hall JA, Washabau RJ|
|Journal||The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice|
|Date Published||1999 Mar|
|Keywords||Animals, Cat Diseases, Cats, Cisapride, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Erythromycin, Gastric Emptying, Gastrointestinal Agents, Metoclopramide, Nizatidine, Ranitidine, Stomach Diseases|
A disorder of gastric motility should be suspected in patients with chronic vomiting. Imaging studies are used to confirm delayed gastric emptying, the most common form of a gastric motility disorder. Other causes of chronic vomiting, for example, metabolic or endocrine disorders, other abdominal disorders, mechanical causes of gastric obstruction, and lower gastrointestinal tract disease, are then ruled out. If no underlying cause is determined, a functional disorder of gastric emptying is presumptively diagnosed. Treatment consists of dietary management and gastric prokinetic agents. Cisapride is the drug of choice for treating delayed gastric emptying followed by erythromycin and ranitidine or nizatidine.
|Alternate Journal||Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract.|