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Effect of pneumatic tourniquet application to the distal extremities of the horse: blood gas, serum electrolyte, osmolality, and hematologic alterations.
|Title||Effect of pneumatic tourniquet application to the distal extremities of the horse: blood gas, serum electrolyte, osmolality, and hematologic alterations.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1979|
|Authors||Scott EA, Riebold TW, Lamar AM, Wolz GS, Sandler GA, Thompson LR|
|Journal||American journal of veterinary research|
|Date Published||1979 Aug|
|Keywords||Animals, Blood, Blood Gas Analysis, Blood Pressure, Electrolytes, Extremities, Horses, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Osmolar Concentration, Tourniquets|
With 120 minutes of pneumatic tourniquet application to the distal extremity in the horse, the following effects were noted in the tourniqueted limb vein (TLV): (i) local venous acidemia, (ii) increase in serum K+ concentrations, (iii) minimal changes in plasma total solids, Na+, or osmolality, and (iv) apparent reduction in hematocrit values when compared with the same measurements in the control leg. Tourniquet release after 120 minutes produced a prompt return to base line for PCV and PO2 in the TLV; however, pH, PCO2 and K+ values in the TLV required 10 to 15 minutes to reach base line (TLV or control leg vein).
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Vet. Res.|