Evaluation of the oral vitamin E absorption test in horses.

TitleEvaluation of the oral vitamin E absorption test in horses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsCraig AM, Blythe LL, Rowe KE, Lassen ED, Walker LL
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Date Published1991 Jun
KeywordsAdministration, Oral, Animals, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Female, Horses, Intestinal Absorption, Male, Reference Values, Reproducibility of Results, Vitamin E

An oral vitamin E absorption test used in human beings was modified for use in horses. The most appropriate techniques with which to measure gastrointestinal tract absorption of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) in horses were developed. Vitamin E was administered orally, and serum values of alpha-tocopherol were measured by use of high-performance liquid chromatography at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 hours after vitamin E administration. Variables included comparison of 2 dosages (45 and 90 IU/kg of body weight), routes of administration, and absorption dynamics of 3 preparations of dl-alpha-tocopherol. Absorption of the 2 doses of dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate indicated a dose response; the area under the curve at 24 hours (AUC24) was 4.3 micrograms.h/ml for the 45-IU/kg dose and 32.2 micrograms.h/ml (P less than 0.01) for the 90-IU/kg dose. Maximal absorption was apparent when vitamin E was naturally consumed in grain, compared with administration of identical preparations by stomach tube or paste. In the same horses, dl-alpha-tocopherol and dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate plus polyethylene glycol had statistically similar absorption curves and both had significantly greater AUC24, compared with dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate; values for the 3 compounds were 23.6, 25.8, and 12.6 micrograms.h/ml, respectively. The AUC24 varied between individual horses, but time of peak value was consistently observed between 6 and 9 hours.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Alternate JournalAm. J. Vet. Res.