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Forestomach acidosis in six New World camelids.
|Title||Forestomach acidosis in six New World camelids.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Cebra CK, Cebra ML, Garry FB, Belknap EB|
|Journal||Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association|
|Date Published||1996 Mar 15|
|Keywords||Acid-Base Equilibrium, Acidosis, Administration, Oral, Animals, Antacids, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal, Antidotes, Camelids, New World, Cathartics, Charcoal, Fluid Therapy, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Magnesium Hydroxide, Male, Mineral Oil, Sodium Bicarbonate, Stomach Diseases, Stomach, Ruminant, Thiamine|
Forestomach acidosis was diagnosed in 2 llamas and 4 alpacas. All were young, group-housed, sexually intact males. Clinical signs included forestomach atony, lethargy, ataxia, diarrhea, and tachycardia. Forestomach distention was observed in only 1 llama. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included low forestomach fluid pH, hyperchloremia, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Although camelids differ from domestic ruminants in typical management practices and behavioral, anatomic, and physiologic characteristics, they are, nonetheless, susceptible to forestomach acidosis. Gastric fluid analysis was essential for an accurate diagnosis. Four of 6 camelids recovered after PO and IV treatment with alkalinizing agents and fluids, antibiotics, and thiamine.
|Alternate Journal||J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.|