Forestomach acidosis in six New World camelids.

TitleForestomach acidosis in six New World camelids.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsCebra CK, Cebra ML, Garry FB, Belknap EB
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Date Published1996 Mar 15
KeywordsAcid-Base Equilibrium, Acidosis, Administration, Oral, Animals, Antacids, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal, Antidotes, Camelids, New World, Cathartics, Charcoal, Fluid Therapy, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Magnesium Hydroxide, Male, Mineral Oil, Sodium Bicarbonate, Stomach Diseases, Stomach, Ruminant, Thiamine

Forestomach acidosis was diagnosed in 2 llamas and 4 alpacas. All were young, group-housed, sexually intact males. Clinical signs included forestomach atony, lethargy, ataxia, diarrhea, and tachycardia. Forestomach distention was observed in only 1 llama. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included low forestomach fluid pH, hyperchloremia, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Although camelids differ from domestic ruminants in typical management practices and behavioral, anatomic, and physiologic characteristics, they are, nonetheless, susceptible to forestomach acidosis. Gastric fluid analysis was essential for an accurate diagnosis. Four of 6 camelids recovered after PO and IV treatment with alkalinizing agents and fluids, antibiotics, and thiamine.

Alternate JournalJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.