Fracture repair with transfixation pins and fiberglass cast in llamas and small ruminants.

TitleFracture repair with transfixation pins and fiberglass cast in llamas and small ruminants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1989
AuthorsKaneps AJ, Schmotzer WB, Huber MJ, Riebold TW, Watrous BJ, Arnold JS
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume195
Issue9
Pagination1257-61
Date Published1989 Nov 1
ISSN0003-1488
KeywordsAnimals, Artiodactyla, Bone Nails, Camelids, New World, Casts, Surgical, Cattle, Female, Fracture Fixation, Glass, Male, Ruminants, Sheep
Abstract

Transfixation pinning with fiberglass casting is an effective and adaptable method of longbone fracture fixation in llamas and small ruminants. Treatment of fractures in 7 limbs of 4 llamas and 2 small ruminants with this technique are described. Steinmann pins are placed transcortically proximal, and if necessary, distal to the fracture. The pin ends and limb are encased in fiberglass cast material. The cast is strong enough in animals of this size to eliminate the need for external frames or connecting bars. Severely comminuted fractures and fractures near joints are especially suited to fixation with this technique. Complications encountered in these cases included loosening of pins and one delayed union. All fractures healed to permit full use of the limb.

Alternate JournalJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.