Imaging diagnosis--enostosis-like lesion in the femur of a horse.

TitleImaging diagnosis--enostosis-like lesion in the femur of a horse.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsStieger SM, Kippenes-Skogmo H, Nilsson E
JournalVeterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association
Volume50
Issue5
Pagination509-12
Date Published2009 Sep-Oct
ISSN1058-8183
KeywordsAnimals, Bone Diseases, Femur, Horse Diseases, Horses, Lameness, Animal, Radiopharmaceuticals, Technetium Tc 99m Medronate
Abstract

An enostosis-like lesion was diagnosed in the left femur of a Swedish Warmblood horse that had a left hindlimb lameness of 3 weeks duration. With scintigraphy using technetium 99m-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (99mTc-HDP) a marked regional focal increase in radioactivity was identified in the medullary cavity of the left femur. Radiographically there was a corresponding focal increase in bone opacity in the middiaphysis of the left femur. Histopathologically, a 5cm area of bone matrix was present in the diaphysis of the left femur and confirmed as an enostosis-like lesion. Enostosis-like lesions should be considered as a source of pain in horses with difficult to localize, moderate to severe chronic lameness.

Alternate JournalVet Radiol Ultrasound