Incidence of polysaccharide storage myopathy in draft horse-related breeds: a necropsy study of 37 horses and a mule.

TitleIncidence of polysaccharide storage myopathy in draft horse-related breeds: a necropsy study of 37 horses and a mule.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsValentine BA, Habecker PL, Patterson JS, Njaa BL, Shapiro J, Holshuh HJ, Bildfell RJ, Bird KE
JournalJournal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
Volume13
Issue1
Pagination63-8
Date Published2001 Jan
ISSN1040-6387
KeywordsAmylases, Animals, Autopsy, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors, Female, Glycogen, Horse Diseases, Horses, Incidence, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Muscular Diseases
Abstract

Skeletal muscle samples from 38 draft horse-related animals 1-23 years of age were evaluated for evidence of aggregates of glycogen and complex polysaccharide characteristic of equine polysaccharide storage myopathy (EPSSM). Cardiac muscle from 12 of these horses was also examined. Antemortem serum levels of creatine kinase (CK) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) from 9 horses with EPSSM and 5 horses without EPSSM were compared. Skeletal muscle from 17 horses contained inclusions of periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, amylase-resistant complex polysaccharide. Similar inclusions were also present in the cardiac muscle of 1 horse. A vacuolar myopathy with aggregates of PAS-positive, amylase-sensitive glycogen was seen in 8 other horses, and these findings are also considered diagnostic for EPSSM. Antemortem serum activities of CK and AST were often higher in EPSSM horses than in horses without EPSSM. Using the presence of amylase-resistant complex polysaccharide as the criterion for diagnosis of EPSSM, the incidence in this population was 45%. Inclusion of horses with aggregates of glycogen but no amylase-resistant complex polysaccharide as representative of the range of pathologic findings in horses with EPSSM resulted in a 66% incidence in this population.

Alternate JournalJ. Vet. Diagn. Invest.