Inflammatory bowel disease in horses: 11 cases (1988-1998).

TitleInflammatory bowel disease in horses: 11 cases (1988-1998).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsScott EA, Heidel JR, Snyder SP, Ramirez S, Whitler WA
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Date Published1999 May 15
KeywordsAcute Disease, Animals, Chronic Disease, Colic, Female, Horse Diseases, Horses, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Intestines, Male, Paracentesis, Physical Examination, Postoperative Care, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome

OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and surgical abnormalities in, and long-term outcome of, horses that undergo surgery because of colic secondary to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

DESIGN: Retrospective study.

ANIMALS: 11 horses.

PROCEDURE: Medical records of horses that had undergone abdominal surgery and in which IBD had been diagnosed on the basis of histologic examination of intestinal biopsy specimens were reviewed.

RESULTS: 5 horses were examined because of acute colic and 6 were examined because of chronic colic. At surgery, all 11 horses had edematous or hemorrhagic bowel segments suggestive of IBD. In addition, 6 horses had circumferential mural bands (CMB) causing constriction of the small (4 horses) or large (2) intestine. Intestinal resections were performed in 7 horses. All 11 horses survived surgery and were discharged from the hospital; 10 horses were still alive at the time of follow-up (1.5 to 7 years after surgery).

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Results suggest that IBD is an uncommon cause of colic in horses. Surgical resection of segments of intestine with constrictive CMB may relieve clinical signs of colic. Horses with IBD that had surgery had a good prognosis for long-term survival.

Alternate JournalJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.