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Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin-induced increase in leukotriene B4 production by bovine neutrophils is mediated by a sustained and excessive increase in intracellular calcium concentration.
|Title||Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin-induced increase in leukotriene B4 production by bovine neutrophils is mediated by a sustained and excessive increase in intracellular calcium concentration.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Cudd L, Clarke CR, Clinkenbeard K|
|Journal||FEMS microbiology letters|
|Date Published||2003 Jul 15|
|Keywords||Animals, Calcimycin, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Carcinogens, Cattle, Exotoxins, Ionophores, Leukotriene B4, Mannheimia haemolytica, Neutrophils, Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate|
Isolated bovine neutrophils were used to study the relationship between the duration and magnitude of the Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin-induced increase in intracellular calcium concentration and leukotriene B4 synthesis. In contrast to recombinant human C5a, which caused a transient, small increase in intracellular calcium concentration and no effects on leukotriene B4 synthesis, exposure of neutrophils to leukotoxin resulted in a rapid, sustained, large increase in intracellular calcium concentration, followed by leukotriene B4 synthesis. This leukotoxin-induced response was similar to those produced by the calcium ionophore, A23187, and phorbol myristate acetate, which also caused significant leukotriene B4 production. Manipulation of the duration and magnitude of leukotoxin- and A23187-induced intracellular calcium concentration increase confirmed that a high and sustained intracellular calcium concentration was necessary to stimulate production of leukotriene B4, which is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary M. haemolytica infection.
|Alternate Journal||FEMS Microbiol. Lett.|