Persistence of infection by metacercariae of Apophallus sp., Neascus sp., and Nanophyetus salmincola plus two myxozoans (Myxobolus insidiosus and Myxobolus fryeri) in coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch.

TitlePersistence of infection by metacercariae of Apophallus sp., Neascus sp., and Nanophyetus salmincola plus two myxozoans (Myxobolus insidiosus and Myxobolus fryeri) in coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsFerguson JA, Schreck CB, Chitwood R, Kent ML
JournalThe Journal of parasitology
Volume96
Issue2
Pagination340-7
Date Published2010 Apr
ISSN1937-2345
KeywordsAnimals, Fish Diseases, Fresh Water, Myxobolus, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Oregon, Parasitic Diseases, Animal, Prevalence, Trematoda, Trematode Infections
Abstract

We evaluated the ability of 5 muscle- or skin-dwelling parasites to persist in naturally infected coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, from the West Fork Smith River, Oregon, by holding them in captivity from late summer to early spring (parr stage to the typical time of smoltification). These parasites included metacercariae of 3 digeneans, Nanophyetus salmincola, Apophallus sp., and neascus sp., and 2 myxozoans, Myxobolus insidiosus and Myxobolus fryeri. Two groups of wild-caught fish were evaluated in the laboratory, i.e., heavily infected fish from the lower main stem and less severely infected fish collected from tributaries of this river. All parasites survived in these fish for the 7-month experiment. Only 2 parasites had a statistically significant lower median abundance between host life stages. The mean abundance of N. salmincola declined 45% in the tributary fish and Apophallus sp. declined 43% in the lower main stem fish. However, more than 50% of each species persisted until the end of the study, with smolts still harboring relatively high infections.

DOI10.1645/GE-2289.1
Alternate JournalJ. Parasitol.