Protein antigens of Chlamydia psittaci present in infected cells but not detected in the infectious elementary body.

TitleProtein antigens of Chlamydia psittaci present in infected cells but not detected in the infectious elementary body.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsRockey DD, Rosquist JL
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume62
Issue1
Pagination106-12
Date Published1994 Jan
ISSN0019-9567
KeywordsAnimals, Antigens, Bacterial, Bacterial Proteins, Blotting, Western, Cell Compartmentation, Chlamydophila psittaci, Conjunctivitis, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Guinea Pigs, Hela Cells, Humans, Psittacosis
Abstract

Ocular infection of guinea pigs with the guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis (GPIC) strain of Chlamydia psittaci produces a clinical condition representative of acute chlamydial conjunctivitis in humans. Guinea pigs which had recovered from two challenges with GPIC were used as a source of sera for the identification of antigens present in GPIC-infected tissue culture cells but absent in the infectious elementary body (EB). Immunoblots of lysates of infected HeLa cells probed with the convalescent-phase sera identified protein antigens of 22, 34, and 52 kDa (p22, p34, and p52, respectively) that were not detected in lysates of purified EB or in uninfected HeLa cells. Protein p22 was also not detected in lysates of purified reticulate bodies. Immunoblotting of lysates of HeLa cells infected with other chlamydiae demonstrated that the antigenicity of p22 and p34 was subspecies specific. Immunoblotting was also used to detect p22 and p34 in lysates of the conjunctivae of infected guinea pigs. Adsorption of convalescent-phase sera with GPIC EB produced a reagent with dominant reactivity toward p22, p34, and a 28-kDa EB protein. Immunofluorescent staining of GPIC-infected HeLa cells demonstrated that these adsorbed sera labeled the inclusion and inclusion membrane, with no apparent reactivity toward EB or reticulate bodies. Collectively, these data identify non-EB chlamydial components which may be released into the inclusion during intracellular growth.

Alternate JournalInfect. Immun.