Respiratory disease of the bovine neonate.

TitleRespiratory disease of the bovine neonate.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsPoulsen KP, McGuirk SM
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
Pagination121-37, vi-vii
Date Published2009 Mar
KeywordsAnimals, Animals, Newborn, Cattle, Cattle Diseases, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Male, Respiratory Tract Diseases, Respiratory Tract Infections, Severity of Illness Index

Respiratory disease is an important problem in bovine neonates. Early detection of clinical disease is challenging. In the newborn calf, mucous membrane color, character and frequency of the respiratory effort, thoracic auscultation, and ability to oxygenate are critical elements of the examination to determine whether or not respiratory disease is present. Within a few days of birth, screening calves for fever, abnormal nasal or ocular discharge, or an inducible cough finds many calves with early respiratory disease. This article describes respiratory conditions in newborn calves that veterinarians are most likely to encounter, along with diagnostic and treatment options that can be applied to both herd investigations and individual animals.

Alternate JournalVet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract.