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Secondary renal tubular acidosis in a Hereford calf.
|Title||Secondary renal tubular acidosis in a Hereford calf.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Hardefeldt LY, Poulsen KP, Darien BJ|
|Journal||Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology|
|Date Published||2011 Jun|
|Keywords||Acidosis, Renal Tubular, Animals, Bicarbonates, Blood Gas Analysis, Buffers, Cattle, Cattle Diseases, Female, Salmonella enterica, Salmonella Infections, Animal|
A 3-month-old Hereford heifer calf was presented for lethargy. Blood gas analysis and plasma biochemical testing revealed severe metabolic acidosis, azotemia, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia, and normal anion gap. Results of a urinalysis were consistent with acute tubular necrosis with inadequate acidification of urine based on the degree of acidemia. Salmonella enterica serovar agona was cultured from both urine and feces. The calf was treated with intravenous polyionic fluids, bicarbonate, and antimicrobials. Acidosis and azotemia resolved, and 4 months following initial presentation the heifer was clinically normal.
|Alternate Journal||Vet Clin Pathol|