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Selection at the Y chromosome of the African buffalo driven by rainfall.
|Title||Selection at the Y chromosome of the African buffalo driven by rainfall.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||van Hooft P, Greyling BJ, Prins HHT, Getz WM, Jolles AE, Bastos ADS|
|Keywords||Animals, Behavior, Animal, Buffaloes, Ecology, Gene Frequency, Genetic Variation, Haplotypes, Male, Models, Genetic, Polymorphism, Genetic, Rain, Selection, Genetic, Tandem Repeat Sequences, Y Chromosome|
Selection coefficients at the mammalian Y chromosome typically do not deviate strongly from neutrality. Here we show that strong balancing selection, maintaining intermediate frequencies of DNA sequence variants, acts on the Y chromosome in two populations of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Significant correlations exist between sequence variant frequencies and annual rainfall in the years before conception, with five- to eightfold frequency changes over short time periods. Annual rainfall variation drives the balancing of sequence variant frequencies, probably by affecting parental condition. We conclude that sequence variants confer improved male reproductive success after either dry or wet years, making the population composition and dynamics very sensitive to climate change. The mammalian Y chromosome, interacting with ecological processes, may affect male reproductive success much more strongly than previously thought.
|Alternate Journal||PLoS ONE|