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Shoulder joint luxation in large animals: 14 cases (1976-1997).
|Title||Shoulder joint luxation in large animals: 14 cases (1976-1997).|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||Semevolos SA, Nixon AJ, Goodrich LR, Ducharme NG|
|Journal||Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association|
|Date Published||1998 Dec 1|
|Keywords||Animals, Animals, Domestic, Cattle, Deer, Dislocations, Female, Goats, Horses, Male, Reindeer, Retrospective Studies, Sheep, Shoulder Joint, Swine, Treatment Outcome|
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and radiographic findings in and treatment and outcome of large animals with shoulder joint luxations.
DESIGN: Retrospective study.
ANIMALS: 5 horses, 3 goats, 1 calf, 1 sheep, 1 Himalayan tahr, 1 pot-bellied pig, 1 reindeer, and 1 white-tailed deer.
PROCEDURE: Medical records and radiographs were reviewed to determine signalment, history, physical examination findings, type of luxation, treatment, and outcome. Owners and referring veterinarians were contracted for follow-up information.
RESULTS: Goats, sexually intact males, and animals < 1 year old were overrepresented, compared with the general hospital population during the study period. Closed reduction was attempted in 3 animals and was successful in 1. Open reduction and internal stabilization was attempted in 4 animals, including 1 in which closed reduction was unsuccessful. Long-term stabilization of the joint was achieved in 3 animals, but overall results were poor because of osteoarthritis and chronic lameness. Three animals were not treated, and 5 were euthanatized because of a poor prognosis.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Large animals with shoulder joint luxation and concurrent fractures had a poorer prognosis than did those with shoulder joint luxation alone.
|Alternate Journal||J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.|