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Treatment of experimental disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in mice with recombinant IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor.
|Title||Treatment of experimental disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in mice with recombinant IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1989|
|Authors||Bermudez LE, Stevens P, Kolonoski P, Wu M, Young LS|
|Journal||Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)|
|Date Published||1989 Nov 1|
|Keywords||Animals, Blood Bactericidal Activity, Immunotherapy, Interleukin-2, Liver, Macrophage Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection, Recombinant Proteins, Spleen, Superoxides, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha|
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is the most common bloodstream pathogen isolated from patients with AIDS. We have previously shown that TNF alone or in combination with IL-2 can activate human and murine macrophages in vitro to kill MAC strains isolated from disseminated infections. To determine whether treatment with TNF and IL-2 could effect the course of disseminated MAC infections in a murine model of disseminated MAC infection, we infected C57BL mice with 3 x 10(8) bacteria i.v. and 1 wk later administered: 1) IL-2, 100 micrograms/kg; 2) TNF, 25 micrograms/kg; 3) IL-2, 50 micrograms/kg, and TNF, 12.5 micrograms/kg; and 4) saline. IL-2 was injected i.p. daily with TNF being administered in cycles of 3 out of 4 consecutive days. Fourteen days after starting therapy, blood was cultured and mice were sacrificed for quantitative cultures of liver and spleen homogenates. IL-2, TNF, and IL-2/TNF treated groups showed an 87 +/- 5%, 57 +/- 9%, 88 +/- 6% decrease in bacteremia (p = 0.05 for TNF-treated animals and less than 0.04 for the other two groups, compared with control). The combination IL-2/TNF was the only treatment that showed a trend toward an absolute decrease in the number of bacteria in the blood. Reduction in colony counts of liver and spleen were 77 +/- 4% and 87 +/- 6%, respectively, for treatment with IL-2, 58 +/- 7% and 87 +/- 5% for TNF, and 60 +/- 10% and 82 +/- 6% for IL-2/TNF, respectively. These results suggest that both cytokines may play a role in the control of Mycobacterium avium infection and that the combination of a half-dose of IL-2 and TNF, despite not showing any greater efficacy, can be less toxic than TNF or IL-2 alone and might be useful for the therapy of disseminated infection.
|Alternate Journal||J. Immunol.|