Use of a parainguinal approach for cryptorchidectomy in alpacas.

TitleUse of a parainguinal approach for cryptorchidectomy in alpacas.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsParker JE, Semevolos SA
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Pagination1835-6, 1797-8
Date Published2002 Jun 15
KeywordsAbdomen, Animals, Camelids, New World, Cryptorchidism, Inguinal Canal, Laparoscopy, Male

Cryptorchidism is an uncommon condition in llamas and alpacas, and there are no reports detailing surgical management of this condition in llamas or alpacas; however, flank or ventral midline approaches have been mentioned. Cryptorchid castration was performed by use of a parainguinal approach in 2 alpacas. The retained testicle of each alpaca was found on the ventral aspect of the abdomen, just caudal to the incision in 1 alpaca and at the cranial edge of the incision in the other. The testicle was approximately 1 X 0.5 cm in 1 alpaca and 2 X 1 cm in the other. In an alpaca or llama with a single abdominal testicle and no history of surgery, the parainguinal approach has several advantages, including the likely proximity of the testicle to the incision; the small incision, which can be extended if needed; ease of closure; and minimal aftercare. The retained testicles were small and could be difficult to find from a more distant midline, paramedian, or flank incision.

Alternate JournalJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.