Vestibular syndrome associated with temporohyoid joint fusion and temporal bone fracture in three horses.

TitleVestibular syndrome associated with temporohyoid joint fusion and temporal bone fracture in three horses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
AuthorsBlythe LL, Watrous BJ, Schmitz JA, Kaneps AJ
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume185
Issue7
Pagination775-81
Date Published1984 Oct 1
ISSN0003-1488
KeywordsAnimals, Cranial Nerve Diseases, Facial Nerve Diseases, Horse Diseases, Horses, Labyrinth Diseases, Male, Skull Fractures, Syndrome, Temporal Bone, Vestibule, Labyrinth, Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases
Abstract

Acute onset of vestibulocochlear and facial nerve dysfunction due to a stress fracture of the petrous part of the temporal bone was diagnosed in 3 horses. The fracture was secondary to chronic inflammatory changes in the petrous part of the temporal bone and the proximal stylohyoid bone, with fusion of the temporohyoid joint. Bacterial meningoencephalitis was a complicating factor. Treatment resulted in reduction of severity of clinical signs in 2 of the 3 cases, but residual compensated vestibular deficits persisted.

Alternate JournalJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.