TitleAge effects on blood gas, spirometry, airway reactivity, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytology in clinically healthy horses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPacheco, AP, Paradis, MR, Hoffman, AM, Hermida, P, Sanchez, A, Nadeau, JA, Tufts, M, Mazan, MR
JournalJ Vet Intern Med
Volume28
Issue2
Pagination603-8
Date Published2014 Mar-Apr
ISSN1939-1676
KeywordsAging, Animals, Blood Gas Analysis, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Female, Horses, Male, Respiratory Physiological Phenomena, Spirometry
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of geriatric horses attended by veterinarians, there is a lack of understanding of aging-related changes on the respiratory system of horses.

OBJECTIVE: To identify aging-related changes on the respiratory function and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cytology of horses.

ANIMALS: Fifteen healthy young adult (2-11 years) and 16 healthy aged (≥20 years) horses.

METHODS: The respiratory system was examined by measurement of arterial blood gases (ABG), use of respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) for assessment of breathing pattern and ventilatory parameters, histamine bronchoprovocation, and BALF cytology.

RESULTS: No significant differences were detected with regard to values obtained by ABG or bronchoprovocation of young adult and aged healthy horses. In aged horses, there were significant differences in mean ± SD of the following parameters when compared to young horses: prolonged expiratory time (Te) measured by RIP (3.9 ± 1.5 s versus 3.0 ± 0.6 s), decreased percentage of alveolar macrophages (40.6 ± 11.3% versus 53.5 ± 9.6%), and increased percentage of lymphocytes (53.4 ± 9.5% versus 43.9 ± 11.0%). No correlations between airway reactivity and ventilatory parameters, ABG, or BALF cytology were found in this asymptomatic population.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aging does not cause changes in the results obtained by ABG, most RIP-derived variables, and bronchoprovocation in the horse. A decreased percentage of macrophage and an increased percentage of lymphocytes in the BALF cytology may be expected in the asymptomatic geriatric horse and may be a result of aging.

DOI10.1111/jvim.12318
Alternate JournalJ. Vet. Intern. Med.
PubMed ID24528225
PubMed Central IDPMC4857999