Veterinary Interventional Radiology
Interventional radiology involves the use of contemporary imaging methods (primarily video X-ray, called fluoroscopy) to gain access to different structures of the pet's body for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons without the need for traditional surgery.
Veterinary Interventional Endoscopy
Interventional endoscopy involves the use of endoscopes, small cameras which can be guided throughout the body via naturally existing orifices, often in conjunction with other contemporary imaging techniques, such as ultrasound or fluoroscopy. Guided by these images, the veterinarian can reach most parts of the body without the need for open surgery.