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Lungworms are considered an emerging disease world-wide and over the past few years, the Oregon Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (OVDL) at Oregon State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine has observed an increase in lungworm-positive submissions. The OVDL uses the Baermann technique to diagnose lungworm, and we have observed increases in Dictyocaulus in ruminants and Aelurostrongylus and Oslerus (formerly Filaroides osleri) in small animals. Some of our noteworthy observations are:
Feces are submitted to our laboratory for both diagnoses of clinical disease and health check examinations. The results, whether from a research study or from diagnostic cases, show a trend we felt should be brought to the attention of our clients. Further, these observations emphasize the importance of routine testing for parasites as part as a proactive parasite control program for animals. The OVDL now offers a Small Animal Parasitology Panel.
For more information on animal parasites and available tests for parasitism, contact the VDL.
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Kutz SL, Hoberg EP, Magy J, Polley L, and Elkin B. “Emerging” Parasitic infections in Artic Ungulates. Integr. Comp Biol 2004 Vol. 44:109-118.
York EM, Creecy JP, Lord WD and Caire W. Geographic Range Expansion for the Rat Lungworm in North America. Emerging Infectious Diseases. www.cdc.gov/eid July 2015 Vol 21(7): 1234-1236.
The Kennel Club. Pet Health Information: Lungworm. Copyright © The Kennel Club Limited 2016. http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/health/pet-health-information/lungworm/
Traversa D, Di Cesare A and Conboy G. Canine and feline cardiopulmonary parasitic nematodes in Europe: emerging and underestimated. Parsites and Vectors 2010 Vol. 3:62 22 pages. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2923136/pdf/1756-3305-3-62.pdf