Listeria associated mural and valvular endocarditis in an alpaca.

TitleListeria associated mural and valvular endocarditis in an alpaca.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMcLane MJ, Schlipf JW, Margiocco ML, Gelberg HB
JournalJournal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Date Published2008 Dec
KeywordsAnimals, Camelids, New World, Echocardiography, Doppler, Color, Endocarditis, Bacterial, Fatal Outcome, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeriosis, Male

An alpaca presented for emergency evaluation of respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed weakness, pyrexia, and a grade V/VI left apical holosystolic murmur. Initial thoracic examination and radiographs were consistent with left sided congestive heart failure. Blood cultures, echocardiographic evaluation, and necropsy findings established a diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis associated with a Listeria monocytogenes infection. Left ventricular endocarditis is uncommon in ruminants, and to the authors' knowledge there are no other reports of L. monocytogenes being the causative agent in an alpaca.

Alternate JournalJ Vet Cardiol