TitleAltered mentation caused by polioencephalomalacia, hypernatremia, and lead poisoning.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsCebra, CK, Cebra, ML
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
Pagination287-302, vi-vii
Date Published2004 Jul

Polioencephalomalacia in general and the specific disorders associated with lead toxicosis and sodium imbalances all have commonalities in risk groups and clinical presentations but can be differentiated based on herd history, subtle clinical differences, and diagnostic tests. Treatment also has some overlap, but determining the specific etiology enables more specific treatment and more effective prophylactic measures.