TitleAnalysis of Staphylococcus infections in a veterinary teaching hospital from 2012 to 2015.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsShoen, HRC, Rose, SJ, Ramsey, SA, de Morais, H, Bermudez, LE
JournalComp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis
Volume66
Pagination101332
Date Published2019 Oct
ISSN1878-1667
Abstract

Records of all Diagnostic laboratory submissions from 2012 to 2015 were examined and subjected to analysis according to species, location of infection, species of bacteria, and antibiotic resistance/susceptibility. A total of 23.8% of all culture isolates were Staphylococcus sp. Of those Staphylococcus, 43% were isolated from surgical site infections. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius accounted for approximately 28% of all staphylococcus cultures, while methicillin-resistant (MR) S. pseudintermedius accounted for 8% of all staphylococcus cultures. Environmental samples were also collected by swabbing surfaces in the intensive care unit (ICU) and anesthesia prep room at the OSU VTH. Isolated bacterial colonies were subjected to PCR for species identification and for the presence of the mecA gene. Ability of horizontal transfer in vitro of the mecA gene was evaluated by incubating the mecA positive bacterium, with the mecA negative bacterium, and then plated onto agar plates infused with known concentration of oxacillin. Colonies were then subjected to PCR for species and mecA identification. Horizontal transfer of the mecA gene was demonstrated and confirmed via PCR from MR S. epidermidis to MS S. pseudintermedius in an in vitro model that mimicked the veterinary hospital environment. Biofilms were established using four Staphylococcus species isolated from swabbing the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and anesthesia prep room and were resistant when exposed to the current cleaning agent. Staphylococcus species makeup nearly ¼ of all infections at OSU VDL during the four years of the study, and MS S. pseudintermedius was shown to acquire the mecA gene from an environmental strain.

DOI10.1016/j.cimid.2019.101332
Alternate JournalComp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.
PubMed ID31437674