TitleClinical biochemical values of llamas: reference values.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1986
AuthorsLassen, ED, Pearson, EG, Long, P, Schmotzer, WB, Kaneps, AJ, Riebold, TW
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Date Published1986 Oct
KeywordsSex Factors

Fifteen clinical biochemical measurements were done on serum from 64 clinically healthy adult llamas (26 males and 38 females). Values for several of these tests were different from those reported for llamas and from reference values for other domesticated ruminants. Comparison of values between males and females revealed significant differences for several tests. Clinical biochemical values reported in the present study can serve as reference values for adult llamas.