TitleClinical reference values for serum protein electrophoresis for the llama (Lama glama).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1989
AuthorsMulrooney, DM, Johnson, MR, Smith, BB, Zimmerman, GL
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Date Published1989 Nov
KeywordsReference Values

Serum protein electrophoresis was performed on 71 clinically healthy juvenile and adult llamas (6 juvenile males, 7 juvenile females, 25 adult males, 13 adult females, and 20 pregnant females) to determine normal serum protein concentrations. Values were reported for each of the 5 groups because the groups were not homogeneous in all 8 peaks. Although the values reported here may serve as reference values for adults, they represent only a guideline for the juveniles because of the limited number of animals in each of these groups.