TitleEffect of surgical removal of endometrial cups on concentrations of chorionic gonadotrophin and subsequent fertility in the mare.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsHuber, MJ, Roser, JF, Riebold, TW, Schmotzer, WB, Grubb, TL, Crisman, RO
JournalEquine veterinary journal
Date Published1993 Mar
KeywordsAnimal, Pregnancy

Seven pregnant mares underwent general anaesthesia, laparotomy, hysterotomy and removal of a 50-day conceptus. Eversion of the uterine horn through the hysterotomy site allowed direct visualisation and electrosurgical removal of endometrial cup tissue from 5 randomly selected mares (Nos 1-5), while cup tissue in 2 mares (Nos 6 and 7) was left intact. Two pregnant mares served as unoperated controls (Nos 8 and 9). Efforts to re-establish pregnancy were initiated 20 days after surgery. Serum samples collected before surgery and during the post-operative period were analysed for concentration of horse chorionic gonadotrophin (CG) by radioimmunoassay. Mean (+/- sd) weight and area of removed tissue was 9.91 +/- 4.6 g and 22.4 +/- 5.9 cm2, respectively. Concentrations of CG ranging from 3440 to 21,220 ng/ml were highest at the time of cup removal (50 days) and declined thereafter. Peak concentrations of CG at the time of surgery were not linearly correlated (r = -0.59) with mass of excised cup tissue. Individual CG half-life values for Mares 1-5 ranged from 5.4 to 8.8 days (mean 7.1 +/- 1.2 days). Peak CG concentrations occurred 68 days after conception with a rate of disappearance (half-time) of 13.4 +/- 0.4 days in Mares 6 and 7 and at 74 and 78 days after conception with a half-time of 14.0 +/- 5.7 days in Mares 8 and 9. Mares 1-5 exhibited behavioural oestrus and ovulation 30-44 days after surgery. Pregnancy occurred in 3 mares within 41 days after surgery and was associated with concentrations of CG below 200 ng/ml.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)