Point-of-care diagnostic assays that are rapid, easy-to-use, and low-cost are needed for use in low-resource settings; the lateral flow test has become the standard bioassay format in such settings because it meets those criteria. However, for a number of analytes, conventional lateral flow tests lack the sensitivity needed to have clinical utility. To address this limitation, we are developing a paper network platform that extends the conventional lateral flow test to two dimensions. The two-dimensional structures allow incorporation of multistep processes for improved sensitivity, while still retaining the positive aspects of conventional lateral flow tests. Here we create an easy-to-use, signal-amplified immunoassay based on a modified commercial strip test for human chorionic gonadotropin, the hormone used to detect pregnancy, and demonstrate an improved limit of detection compared to a conventional lateral flow assay. These results highlight the potential of the paper network platform to enhance access to high-quality diagnostic capabilities in low-resource settings in the developed and developing worlds.