subsp. (MAB) is a clinically important nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) causing pulmonary infection in patients such as cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis. MAB is naturally resistant to the majority of available antibiotics. In attempts to identify the fundamental response of MAB to aerobic, anaerobic, and biofilm conditions (as it is encountered in patients) and during exposure to antibiotics, we studied bacterial proteome using tandem mass tag mass spectrometry sequencing. Numerous de novo synthesized proteins belonging to diverse metabolic pathways were found in anaerobic and biofilm conditions, including glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, nitrogen metabolism, and glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. Upon exposure to amikacin and linezolid under stress environments, MAB displayed metabolic enrichment for glycerophospholipid metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation. By comparing proteomes of two significant NTMs, MAB and subsp. , we found highly synthesized shared enzymes of oxidative phosphorylation, TCA cycle, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, glyoxylate/dicarboxylate, nitrogen metabolism, peptidoglycan biosynthesis, and glycerophospholipid/glycerolipid metabolism. The activation of peptidoglycan and fatty acid biosynthesis pathways indicates the attempt of bacteria to modify the cell wall, influencing the susceptibility to antibiotics. This study establishes global changes in the synthesis of enzymes promoting the metabolic shift and enhancing the pathogen resistance to antibiotics within different environments.