TitleFactors associated with major complications in the short-term postoperative period in dogs undergoing surgery for brachycephalic airway syndrome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRee, JJ, Milovancev, M, MacIntyre, LA, Townsend, KL
JournalCan Vet J
Date Published2016 Sep
KeywordsAirway Obstruction, Animals, Craniosynostoses, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Female, Male, Postoperative Complications, Postoperative Period, Risk Factors, Syndrome

Surgical correction of brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) in dogs has been reported to result in low complication rates and good long-term outcomes. Previous reports have not identified risk factors for the development of complications following BAS surgery. This retrospective study evaluated a wide variety of patient- and procedure-related, pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative factors for an association with the development of major postoperative complications in the short-term period following BAS surgery. The overall major complication rate, including death or euthanasia, was 4/55 (7%) dogs. Temporary tracheostomy was the only major surgical complication identified (n = 3). Multiple logistic regression identified postoperative radiographic evidence of pneumonia as associated with the development of any major complication overall, requirement of a temporary tracheostomy postoperatively, and death or euthanasia, within the short-term postoperative period. Future prospective studies should evaluate specific risk factors for an association with major complications following BAS surgery in dogs to improve patient outcomes.

Alternate JournalCan Vet J
PubMed ID27587891
PubMed Central IDPMC4982570