TitleFailure of holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser lithotripsy in two horses with calculi in the urinary bladder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsMay, KA, Pleasant, RS, Howard, RD, Moll, HD, Duesterdieck-Zellmer, KF, MacAllister, CG, Bartels, KE
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Pagination957-61, 939
Date Published2001 Oct 1
KeywordsUrinary Bladder Calculi

Holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy was attempted in a mare and a gelding with calculi in the urinary bladder. The procedure was unsuccessful in producing adequate fragmentation of the calculi. In the gelding, pulsed dye laser lithotripsy was subsequently used to fragment the urolith. Manual removal of the urolith via the urethra was performed in the mare.