TitleFirst report of three Kudoa species from eastern Australia: Kudoa thyrsites from mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), Kudoa amamiensis and Kudoa minithyrsites n. sp. from sweeper (Pempheris ypsilychnus).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsWhipps, CM, Adlard, RD, Bryant, MS, Lester, RJG, Findlay, V, Kent, ML
JournalJ Eukaryot Microbiol
Date Published2003 May-Jun
KeywordsAnimals, Australia, Base Sequence, DNA, Protozoan, Eukaryota, Fish Diseases, Fishes, Muscle, Skeletal, Perciformes, Phylogeny, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Protozoan Infections, Animal, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Spores, Protozoan

Fish species around the world are parasitized by myxozoans of the genus Kudoa, several of which infect and cause damage of commercial importance. In particular, Kudoa thyrsites and Kudoa amamiensis infect certain cultured fish species causing damage to muscle tissue, making the fish unmarketable. Kudoa thyrsites has a broad host and geographic range infecting over 35 different fish species worldwide, while K. amamiensis has only been reported from a few species in Japanese waters. Through morphological and molecular analyses we have confirmed the presence of both of these parasites in eastern Australian waters. In addition, a novel Kudoa species was identified, having stellate spores, with one polar capsule larger than the other three. The SSU rDNA sequence of this parasite was 1.5% different from K. thyrsites and is an outlier from K. thyrsites representatives in a phylogenetic analysis. Furthermore, the spores of this parasite are distinctly smaller than those of K. thyrsites, and thus it is described as Kudoa minithyrsites n. sp. Although the potential effects of K. minithyrsites n. sp. on its fish hosts are unknown, both K. thyrsites and K. amamiensis are associated with flesh quality problems in some cultured species and may be potential threats to an expanding aquaculture industry in Australia.

Alternate JournalJ Eukaryot Microbiol
PubMed ID12836879