TitleHyperglycemia, hypernatremia, and hyperosmolarity in 6 neonatal llamas and alpacas.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsCebra, CK
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Date Published2000 Dec 1

Neonatal camelids can develop hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, and hyperosmolarity in response to a combination of stress and inadequate water intake. Clinical signs of this syndrome include a fine head tremor, ataxia, and a base-wide stance of the hind limbs, but biochemical analyses are necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Camelids appear to be susceptible to this syndrome because of a poor insulin response to hyperglycemia; hypernatremia results from free water loss associated with glucose diuresis. Water loss associated with glucose diuresis may necessitate a higher rate of fluid administration in camelids with this syndrome than is typically used for treatment of hypernatremia in calves.