|Immunohistochemistry of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides in control cats and cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
|Year of Publication
|Biondo, AW, Ehrhart, EJ, D Sisson, D, Bulmer, BJ, de Morais, HAutran, Solter, PF
|Brain, Natriuretic Peptide
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are cardiac hormones involved in electrolyte and fluid homeostasis. Our laboratory has investigated the use of ANP and BNP as diagnostic markers of cardiac disease in cats. We hypothesize that the cardiac distribution of ANP and BNP increases in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Accordingly, we evaluated the immunohistochemical distribution of ANP and BNP in hearts of four cats with naturally occurring HCM relative to five healthy controls. Indirect immunoperoxidase was performed with polyclonal immunoglobulin G against feline ANP (1-28) and proBNP (43-56). In control cats, ANP and BNP immunoreactivity was restricted to the atria. Staining for both peptides was most intense adjacent to the endocardial surface. Auricles stained more diffusely than atria for both peptides. The interstitial capillaries and nerve fibers within the heart were positive only for BNP. Atrial immunoreactivity for ANP and BNP was more diffuse and had a less distinctly layered pattern in HCM than in control cats. Ventricular cardiomyocytes of HCM cats were negative for ANP but stained lightly and diffusely for BNP. The capillaries and nerve fibers remained positive for BNP. We conclude that in cats with HCM, the cardiac distribution of ANP and BNP is more diffuse in the atria and that novel expression of BNP in the ventricular cardiomyocytes occurs.