OBJECTIVE: Report clinical outcomes of dogs with surgically excised mast cell tumors (MCT) and soft tissue sarcomas (STS).
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study.
SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifty-three dogs with 52 MCT (50 low grade, 2 high grade) and 19 STS (12 grade I, 6 grade II, 1 grade III).
METHODS: All dogs were examined at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively, with cytologic or histopathologic evaluation of suspected local recurrences. Dogs euthanized because of study tumor-related causes underwent necropsy.
RESULTS: Median intraoperative margins were 20 mm and 30 mm wide for MCT and STS, respectively, with 1 fascial plane resected en bloc. The narrowest histologic tumor-free margins measured <1 mm in 21 of 52 (40%) MCT and 7 of 19 (37%) STS. All dogs were followed for 24 months. Two of 50 (4%) low-grade MCT were diagnosed, with local recurrence 181 and 265 days postoperatively. Two of 36 (6%) dogs with low-grade MCT developed visceral metastasis 181 and 730 days postoperatively. One of 2 dogs with high-grade MCT developed local recurrence 115 days postoperatively. No local recurrence or metastasis was diagnosed after excision of 19 STS.
CONCLUSION: Local recurrence rates among predominantly low- to intermediate-grade MCT and STS were low, despite a high prevalence of histologic tumor-free margins <1 mm. Surgical recommendations for high-grade tumors cannot be extrapolated from this population.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Surgeons should seek to achieve microscopically complete excision for MCT and STS while minimizing patient morbidity and considering limitations of histopathology in predicting outcomes.