TitleMuscle tears as a primary cause of lameness in horses: 14 cases (2009-2016).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsCullen, TE, Semevolos, SA, Stieger-Vanegas, SM, Duesterdieck-Zellmer, KF
JournalCan Vet J
Date Published2020 04
KeywordsAnimals, Gait, Horse Diseases, Horses, Lameness, Animal, Muscular Diseases, Retrospective Studies

This study describes clinical and ultrasonographic findings and outcomes of horses with lameness associated with muscle tears. Records of horses diagnosed with muscle tears were retrospectively evaluated. Horses in which one or more muscle tears were confirmed ultrasonographically and lameness was associated with the tear were included in the study ( = 14). Eight horses had tearing of a single muscle, 6 horses had 2 or more muscles involved. Twelve of 14 horses survived to discharge and were alive at follow-up (8 to 90 months). Recovery time ranged from 6 to 52 weeks (mean: 19.8 weeks); 6 to 16 weeks for single muscle injuries and 12 to 52 weeks for multiple muscle injuries. Of the 12 long-term survivors 3 had chronic lameness/stiffness preventing return to their previous activity level and 9 returned to equal or greater level of activity. No statistically significant difference existed between outcomes and location of injury or number of muscles injured. Key clinical message: This study indicates that conservative management of muscle tears can result in favorable long-term outcomes.

Alternate JournalCan Vet J
PubMed ID32255824
PubMed Central IDPMC7074207