TitleProspective evaluation of the lymph node proteome in dogs with multicentric lymphoma supplemented with sulforaphane.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsParachini-Winter, C, Bracha, S, Ramsey, SA, Yang, L, Ho, E, Leeper, H, Curran, K
JournalJ Vet Intern Med
Volume34
Issue5
Pagination2036-2047
Date Published2020 Sep
ISSN1939-1676
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lymphoma (LSA) is a common malignancy in dogs. Epigenetic changes are linked to LSA pathogenesis and poor prognosis in humans, and LSA pathogenesis in dogs. Sulforaphane (SFN), an epigenetic-targeting compound, has recently gained interest in relation to cancer prevention and therapy.

OBJECTIVE: Examine the impact of oral supplementation with SFN on the lymph node proteome of dogs with multicentric LSA.

ANIMALS: Seven client-owned dogs with multicentric LSA.

METHODS: Prospective, nonrandomized, noncontrolled study in treatment-naïve dogs with intermediate or large cell multicentric LSA. Lymph node cell aspirates were obtained before and after 7 days of oral supplementation with SFN, and analyzed via label-free mass spectrometry, immunoblots, and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis.

RESULTS: There was no clinical response and no adverse events attributed to SFN. For individual dogs, the expression of up to 650 proteins changed by at least 2-fold (range, 2-100) after supplementation with SFN. When all dogs where analyzed together, 14 proteins were significantly downregulated, and 10 proteins were significantly upregulated after supplementation with SFN (P < .05). Proteins and gene sets impacted by SFN were commonly involved in immunity, response to oxidative stress, gene transcription, apoptosis, protein transport, maturation and ubiquitination.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Sulforaphane is associated with major changes in the proteome of neoplastic lymphocytes in dogs.

DOI10.1111/jvim.15898
Alternate JournalJ Vet Intern Med
PubMed ID32926463
PubMed Central IDPMC7517837
Grant List / / Resident Research Grant, Oregon State University, Department of Clinical Sciences /
S10 OD02011 / / National Institutes of Health (NIH) /