TitleProtection against gram-negative bacteremia in neutropenic mice with recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsBermudez, LE, Martinelli, JC, Gascon, R, Wu, M, Young, LS
Date Published1990 Jul

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) stimulates production of neutrophils in bone marrow and may decrease the incidence of infection during neutropenia. We evaluated the protective role of recombinant GM-CSF against Pseudomonas aeruginosa challenge in neutropenic mice. CD-1 mice treated with cyclophosphamide on days 1 and 2 of the experiment were given GM-CSF (1, 2, or 4 micrograms/day) starting at day 4 of the experiment according to the following protocol: 1) 1 microgram of GM-CSF 2 hr and 24 hr after challenge; 2) 1 microgram 24 hr before challenge, 2 hr and 24 hr after challenge; 3) 2 micrograms injected 24 hr before and 2 hr after challenge; 4) 2 micrograms given 24 hr before and 2 micrograms given 2 hr and 24 hr after challenge; 5) 4 micrograms administered 2 hr and 24 hr after challenge; and 6) saline and bovine albumin controls. The number of blood neutrophils by days 4 and 5 was similar for GM-CSF-treated and untreated animals. Survival was significantly greater in animals given 2 micrograms of GM-CSF at 24 hr before and at 2 hr and 24 hr after challenge with Pseudomonas. Neutrophils and splenic macrophages obtained from GM-CSF-treated mice (2 micrograms/animal) produced significantly greater amounts of O2- (204 +/- 36 nmoles/10(5) cells) than controls (21 +/- 10 nmoles/10(5) cells). Additionally, neutrophils and macrophages from GM-CSF-treated mice killed significantly more bacteria (P. aeruginosa) in vitro and had a greater number of C3b and Fc receptors (78 +/- 12% and 89 +/- 8%) than did cells obtained from control animals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)