TitleA Quick Reference on Chloride.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBohn, AA, de Morais, HAutran
JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
Date Published2017 Mar
KeywordsAcid-Base Imbalance, Animals, Chlorides, Reference Values, Sodium Bicarbonate

Chloride is an essential element, playing important roles in digestion, muscular activity, regulation of body fluids, and acid-base balance. As the most abundant anion in extracellular fluid, chloride plays a major role in maintaining electroneutrality. Chloride is intrinsically linked to sodium in maintaining osmolality and fluid balance and has an inverse relationship with bicarbonate in maintaining acid-base balance. It is likely because of these close ties that chloride does not get the individual attention it deserves; we can use these facts to simplify and interpret changes in serum chloride concentrations.

Alternate JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
PubMed ID28007306