TitleA Quick Reference on High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFunes, S, de Morais, HAutran
JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
Date Published2017 Mar
KeywordsAcid-Base Equilibrium, Acidosis, Acidosis, Lactic, Algorithms, Animals, Diabetic Ketoacidosis

High anion gap (AG) metabolic acidoses can be identified by a decrease in pH, decrease in HCO or base excess, and an increased AG. The AG represents the difference between unmeasured cations and unmeasured anions; it increases secondary to the accumulation of anions other than bicarbonate and chloride. The most common causes of high AG acidosis are renal failure, diabetic ketoacidosis, and lactic acidosis. Severe increases in concentration of phosphorus can cause hyperphosphatemic acidosis.

Alternate JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
PubMed ID28017408