TitleA Quick Reference on Hypokalemia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKogika, MMery, de Morais, HAutran
JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
Date Published2017 Mar
KeywordsAlgorithms, Animals, Cat Diseases, Cats, Diagnosis, Differential, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Hypokalemia, Kidney Diseases, Potassium, Reference Values

Hypokalemia is more common than hyperkalemia and usually is caused by excessive losses of potassium from the kidneys or gastrointestinal tract. Serum potassium should be investigated in patients developing chronic or frequent vomiting or diarrhea, marked polyuria, muscle weakness, or unexpected cardiac arrhythmias, as well as in those undergoing therapy with insulin, diuretics, or total parenteral nutrition. Clinical signs develop when serum potassium deficit is moderate or severe.

Alternate JournalVet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
PubMed ID27939864