Fasting and postprandial gastroesophageal sphincter pressure (GESP) and plasma gastrin immunoreactivity were measured in 6 dogs from 9 through 60 months after treatment for and recovery from gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). The GESP was not significantly increased in these dogs, compared with that in clinically normal dogs in either the fasting or postprandial state. Corresponding plasma gastrin immunoreactivity was not significantly increased in dogs of the GDV-recovered group, compared with that in clinically normal dogs (fasting or postprandial). An exaggerated increase in GESP in response to food-induced gastrin release was not observed in dogs of the GDV-recovered group. Exogenously administered pentagastrin (3-micrograms/kg bolus, IV) increased fasting GESP in clinically normal dogs over a 4-minute test period (P = 0.01). Gastric distention in response to oral administration of isosmolar saline solution (500 ml) did not significantly increase GESP or plasma gastrin immunoreactivity in clinically normal dogs. In anesthetized clinically normal dogs, gastric distention in response to use of balloons filled to exert intragastric pressure of 30 mm of Hg also did not cause significant increase in plasma gastrin immunoreactivity. Increased GESP, secondary to hypergastrinemia or gastric distention, is an unlikely cause of eructation failure in dogs with GDV.